All power-generation methods have some environmental impact. Nuclear fission’s advantages include its small land footprint, low greenhouse-gas emissions, and near-zero air pollution. Nevertheless, the industry strives to improve on nuclear power as a clean option, in areas such as life-cycle emissions research, water and land use, and tritium formation.
Generating nuclear power involves a large amount of infrastructure, skilled workers, and long-term investment – all of which have direct and indirect effects on local and national economies. These effects include revenue generation, labour-market development, stabilization of energy prices, and energy security.
Ensuring that nuclear materials are properly safeguarded and that nuclear operations respect the safety of people and the environment are essential concerns of the Canadian nuclear industry, which depends on maintaining public trust. The safety and security of the industry is maintained by rigorous regulation, industry and international cooperation, and through continuous learning and improvement at all facilities.
Responsible storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste is integral to the life-cycle of handling nuclear materials. In Canada, this involves rigorous measures to protect workers in nuclear facilities, and to minimize radiation exposure to the public and the environment.
Safe and secure transportation of radioactive materials is as important as the management of fuels in reactors, or of isotopes in medical imaging. In Canada, the transportation of uranium ores, fuel, by-products, and waste materials is guided by government regulations and industry standards built on more than 70 years of experience.
Radiation is an essential part of all nuclear technologies, from treating tumors in the body to heating water that drives turbines. Nevertheless, limiting radiation exposure is vital to human health and the environment. So, radiation and the steps used to contain it are important issues for public discussion.